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An Explanation of the Attributes of Allah


It is not possible to perfectly translate the names and attributes of Allah from their original Arabic into English. However, here are some fairly close explanations.

    Allah
    He who has the power to create the entities. 
  1. Ar-Rahman 
  2. The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers and the blasphemers in this world and especially for the believers in the hereafter.
    The Most Merciful 
  3. Ar-Rahim 
  4. The One who has plenty of mercy for the believers.
    The most Compassionate 
  5. Al-Malik 
  6. The One with the complete Dominion, the One Whose Dominion is clear from imperfection.
    The King, the Monarch 
  7. Al-Quddus 
  8. The One who is pure from any imperfection and clear from children and adversaries.
    The Holy one 
  9. As-Salam 
  10. The One who is free from every imperfection.
    The Peace, The Tranquility 
  11. Al-Mu'min 
  12. The One who witnessed for Himself that no one is God but Him. And He witnessed for His believers that they are truthful in their belief that no one is God but Him.
    The One with Faith
    The Faithful, The Trusted 
  13. Al-Muhaymin 
  14. The One who witnesses the saying and deeds of His creatures.
    The Protector
    The vigilant, the controller 
  15. Al-'Aziz 
  16. The Defeater who is not defeated.
    The Mighty
    The Almighty, the powerful 
  17. Al-Jabbar 
  18. The One that nothing happens in His Dominion except that which He willed.
    The oppressor, the all Compelling 
  19. Al-Mutakabbir 
  20. The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures and from resembling them.
    The Haughty, the Majestic
    The Imperious 
  21. Al-Khaliq 
  22. The One who brings everything from non-existence to existence.
    The Creator, the Maker 
  23. Al-Bari' 
  24. The Creator who has the Power to turn the entities.
    The Artificer, the Creator 
  25. Al-Musawwir 
  26. The One who forms His creatures in different pictures.
    The Fashioner 
    The Organiser the Designer 
  27. Al-Ghaffar 
  28. The One who forgives the sins of His slaves time and time again.
    The Forgiving, the Forgiver 
  29. Al-Qahhar 
  30. The Subduer who has the perfect Power and is not unable over anything.
    The Almighty, the Dominant 
  31. Al-Wahhab 
  32. The One who is Generous in giving plenty without any return. e is everything that benefits whether Halal or Haram.
    The Donor, the Bestower 
  33. Ar-Razzaq
  34. The Provider, the Sustainer 
  35. Al-Fattah 
  36. The One who opens for His slaves the closed worldy and religious matters.
    The Opener, the Revealer 
  37. Al-'Alim 
  38. The Knowledgeable; The One nothing is absent from His knowledge.
    The all Knowing, the Omniscient 
  39. Al-Qabid 
  40. The One who constricts the sustenance.
    The Contractor, The Restrainer, the Recipient. 
  41. Al-Basit 
  42. The One who expands and widens.
    The Expander, He who expands 
  43. Al-Khafid 
  44. The One who lowers whoever He willed by His Destruction.
    The Abaser, the Humbler 
  45. Ar-Rafi' 
  46. The One who raises whoever He willed by His Endowment.
    The Raiser, the Exhalter 
  47. Al-Mu'iz 
  48. He gives esteem to whoever He willed, hence there is no one to degrade Him; 
    The Honorer, the Exhalter 
  49. Al-Muzil
  50. Degrades whoever he willed, hence there is no one to give him esteem.
    The Abaser, the Degrader, the Subduer 
  51. As-Sami' 
  52. The One who Hears all things that are heard by His Eternal Hearing without an ear, instrument or organ.
    The Hearer, The All hearing, all knowing. 
  53. Al-Basir 
  54. The One who Sees all things that are seen by His Eternal Seeing without a pupil or any other instrument.
    The Seer, The discerning, the All seeing. 
  55. Al-Hakam
  56. He is the Ruler and His judgment is His Word.
    The arbitrator, the Judge 
  57. Al-'Adl 
  58. The One who is entitled to do what He does.
    The justice, the equitable. The Just. 
  59. Al-Latif 
  60. The Most Gentle, the Gracious.
    The One who is kind 
  61. Al-Khabir 
  62. The One who knows the truth of things.
    The Aware. The Segacious, one is who is aware. 
  63. Al-Halim 
  64. The One who delays the punishment for those who deserve it and then He might forgive them.
    The Gentle. The most patient, the Clement. 
  65. Al-'Azim 
  66. The One deserving the attributes of Exaltment, Glory, Extolement,and Purity from all imperfection.
    The Great, Mighty 
  67. Al-Ghafoor 
  68. The One who forgives a lot.
    The Forgiving, the Pardoner. 
  69. Ash-Shakur 
  70. The One who gives a lot of reward for a little obedience.
    The Grateful, the Thankful 
  71. Al-'Ali 
  72. The One who is clear from the attributes of the creatures.
    The most high, the exhalted. 
  73. Al-Kabir 
  74. The One who is greater than everything in status.
    The great, the big. 
  75. Al-Hafiz 
  76. The One who protects whatever and whoever He willed to protect.
    The Guardian, the preserver. 
  77. Al-Muqit 
  78. The One who has the Power.
    The maintainer, The Nourisher 
  79. Al-Hasib 
  80. The One who gives the satisfaction.
    The noble, The Reckoner 
  81. Aj-Jalil 
  82. The One who is attributed with greatness of Power and Glory of status.
    The Majestic. The honorable, the exhalted. 
  83. Al-Karim 
  84. The One who is clear from abjectness.
    The most generous, the Bountiful. 
  85. Ar-Raqib 
  86. The One that nothing is absent from Him. Hence it's meaning is related to the attribute of Knowledge.
    The Guardian, the watchful. Watcher. 
  87. Al-Mujib 
  88. The One who answers the one in need if he asks Him and rescues the yearner if he calls upon Him.
    The Responder. The respindent, one who answers. 
  89. Al-Wasi' 
  90. The Englober. The enricher, the Omnipresent, the Knowledgeable. 
  91. Al-Hakim 
  92. The One who is correct in His doings.
    The most Wise, the Judicious. 
  93. Al-Wadud 
  94. The Affectionate, the Loving. 
  95. Al-Majid 
  96. The One who is with perfect Power, High Status, Compassion, Generosity and Kindness.
    The Glorious, the exhalted. 
  97. Al-Ba'ith 
  98. The One who resurrects for reward and/or punishment.
    The Resurrector, the Raiser from death. 
  99. Ash-Shahid 
  100. The One who nothing is absent from Him.
    The Witness 
  101. Al-Haqq 
  102. The One who truly exists.
    The Truth, the Just. 
  103. Al-Wakil 
  104. The One who gives the satisfaction and is relied upon.
    The Guardian, the Trustee 
  105. Al-Qawee 
  106. The One with the complete Power.
    The powerful, the Almighty, The Strong 
  107. Al-Matin 
  108. The One with extreme Power which is un-interrupted and He does not get tired.
    The Strong, the Firm 
  109. Al-Walee 
  110. The Supporter, the Friend, the Defender the master. 
  111. Al-Hamid 
  112. The praised One who deserves to be praised.
    The Praiseworthy , the Commendable 
  113. Al-Muhsi 
  114. The One who the count of things are known to him.
    The Counter 
  115. Al-Mubdi' 
  116. The One who started the human being. That is, He created him.
    The Beginner, the Creator, The Originator 
  117. Al-Mu'eed 
  118. The One who brings back the creatures after death.
    The Restorer, the Resurrector. 
  119. Al-Muhyee 
  120. The One who took out a living human from semen that does not have a soul. He gives life by giving the souls back to the worn out bodies on the resurrection day and He makes the hearts alive by the light of knowledge.
    The Bestower, the Life Giver. 
  121. Al-Mumeet 
  122. The One who renders the living dead.
    The Bringer of Death. The Death Giver. 
  123. Al-Hayy 
  124. The One attributed with a life that is unlike our life and is not that of a combination of soul, flesh or blood.
    The Living. The Alive, the ever living. 
  125. Al-Qayyum 
  126. The One who remains and does not end.
    The Self-Subsistent, The Eternal, the Self Sustaining. 
  127. Al-Wajid 
  128. The Rich who is never poor. Al-Wajd is Richness.
    The all percieving, the Opulent, the Finder. 
  129. Al-Wahid 
  130. The One without a partner.
    The One, the Unique. 
  131. Al-Majid 
  132. The One who is Majid.
    The Noble, the illustrous. 
  133. Al-Ahad 
  134. The only, the Unique. 
  135. As-Samad 
  136. The Master who is relied upon in matters and reverted to in ones needs.
    The Perfect, the Eternal. 
  137. Al-Qadir 
  138. The One attributed with Power.
    The Able, the Capable, the Omnipotent. 
  139. Al-Muqtadir 
  140. The One with the perfect Power that nothing is withheld from Him.
    The Capable, The all Powerful 
  141. Al-Muqaddim 
  142. He makes ahead what He wills.
    The Presenter, The Advancer, The Expediter 
  143. Al-Mu'akhkhir 
  144. The One who delays what He wills.
    The Fulfiller, the keeper behind, The Deferrer 
  145. Al-'Awwal 
  146. The One whose Existence is without a beginning.
    The First 
  147. Al-'Akhir 
  148. The One whose Existence is without an end.
    The Last 
  149. Az-Zahir
  150. The Apparent, the Exterior, The Manifest
    The One that nothing is above Him and nothing is underneath Him, hence He exists without a place. 
  151. Al-Batin 
  152. The Hidden, the Interior, the Latent 
  153. Al-Wali 
  154. The One who owns things and manages them.
    The Governor, The Ruler, The Master 
  155. Al-Muta'ali 
  156. The One who is clear from the attributes of the creation.
    The Exalted, The most high, one above reproach. 
  157. Al-Barr 
  158. The One who is kind to His creatures, who covered them with His sustenance and specified whoever He willed among them by His support, protection, and special mercy.
    The Benefactor, The Beneficient, the Pious. 
  159. At-Tawwab 
  160. The One who grants repentance to whoever He willed among His creatures and accepts his repentance.
    The Acceptor of Repentance, The Forgiver, the Relenting. 
  161. Al-Muntaqim 
  162. The One who victoriously prevails over His enemies and punishes them for their sins. It may mean the One who destroys them.
    The Avenger 
  163. Al-'Afuww 
  164. The One with wide forgiveness.
    The Forgiver, the effacer, the Pardoner 
  165. Ar-Ra'uf 
  166. The One with extreme Mercy. The Mercy of Allah is His will to endow upon whoever He willed among His creatures.
    The merciful, the Ever Indulgent. 
  167. Al-Muqsit 
  168. The One who is Just in His judgment.
    The Just the Equitable 
  169. Aj-Jami' 
  170. The One who gathers the creatures on a day that there is no doubt about, that is the Day of Judgment.
    The Collector, the comprehensive, Gatherer 
  171. Al-Ghanee 
  172. The One who does not need the creation.
    The rich, the all sufficing, Self-Sufficient 
  173. Al-Mughnee 
  174. The One who satisfies the necessities of the creatures.
    The Enricher, sufficer, the bestower. 
  175. Al-Mani' 
  176. The Supporter who protects and gives victory to His pious believers. Al-Mu'tiy 
    The Withholder
    The Preventer, the prohibiter, the defender. 
  177. Ad-Darr 
  178. The One who makes harm reach to whoever He willed.
    The Distresser , The afflictor, the bringer of Adversity. 
  179. An-Nafi' 
  180. The One who gives benefits to whoever He wills.
    The Beneficialm Benefactor 
  181. An-Nur 
  182. The One who guides.
    The Light 
  183. Al-Hadi 
  184. The One whom with His Guidance His belivers were guided, and with His Guidance the living beings have been guided to what is beneficial or them and protected from what is harmful to them.
    The Guide 
  185. Al-Badi' 
  186. The One who created the creation and formed it without any preceding example.
    The Wonderful, the maker, Incomparable 
  187. Al-Baqi 
  188. The One that the state of non-existence is impossible for Him.
    The Enduring, the Everlasting, the eternal 
  189. Al-Warith 
  190. The One whose Existence remains.
    The Inheritor, The Heir 
  191. Ar-Rashid 
  192. The One who guides.
    The Rightly Guided, The Concious, the Guide 
  193. As-Sabur 
  194. The One who does not quickly punish the sinners.
    The most Patient, the Enduring. 
  195. Malik Al-Mulk 
  196. The One who controls the Dominion and gives dominion to whoever He willed.
    The Ruler of the Kingdom, king of the Universe 
  197. Zul-l-Jalal wal-Ikram 
  198. The One who deserves to be Exalted and not denied.
    Lord of Majesty and Generosity 
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